Use of the Peace Accords Matrix in Peace Processes

Time: Thu Mar 21, 2019, 12:30 pm - 1:30 pm

Location: C103, Hesburgh Center for International Studies

Join the Kroc Institute for a lecture by Bishnu Sapkota, the Nepal Country Director for fhi360. Fhi360 is an international organization that “partners with governments, the private sector, and civil society to bring about positive social change and to provide lifesaving health care, quality education, and opportunities for meaningful economic participation.” Sapkota’s expertise includes strategies for strengthening civil society actors, democracy and governance, advocacy and peacebuilding and conflict mitigation.

Nepal's ten-year Maoist "People's War," a civil war that claimed 17,000 lives, ended with a Comprehensive Peace Accord (CPA) signed in 2006. What followed the signing of the CPA was an intense period of difficult negotiations between the rebels, the government, and the ethnic movements whose actors became new stakeholders in the peace process. Management of the arms and armies, state restructuring from a unitary to a federal form of government, transition from a 240 year old monarchy to a republic, and writing a new constitution through a directly elected Constituent Assembly were key dimensions of the Nepalese peace process. The Peace Accords Matrix (PAM) data was used as an international resource to inform, guide, and suggest options for consensus to Nepal's national facilitators and negotiators between 2009-2015. PAM has great potential to be a resource to peace processes and dialogue initiatives in several other conflicts in Asia and beyond. In times when facilitators and negotiators seem stuck and are running out of creative options, PAM can be a resource to provide an insight for looking beyond and within individual peace agreements.